Neurology is a branch of medicine that includes the diagnosis, analysis, and treatment of spinal, brain, and nerve disorders.
At Burjeel Hospital Sharjah our highly skilled neurologists utilize cutting-edge technology to assess, diagnose, and treat common ailments such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, brain aneurysms, strokes, congenital conditions, and so forth. Our specialists take all medical factors into account before recommending an appropriate line of treatment. Advanced cases might require neurosurgery.
A Neurologist can identify the cause of the symptoms you are experiencing and can create a treatment plan accordingly for your neurological concern. Motor skills, mental condition, vision, speech, strength, sensation , reflexes balance are all assessed before he concludes on a treatment plan. Neurologists and neurosurgeons work closely together for several conditions, sometimes even in the operating room together.
When to visit a neurologist
- If you get recurring migraine headaches and if the tried treatments are ineffective then you should consult a neurologist
- When you have chronic pain and if your primary care doctor refers to a neurologist, there is then an underlying reason
- If you are feel like you are spinning (dizziness), then you are experiencing vertigo, meaning you have difficulty in balancing then it is a sign of a serious health concern.
- Numbness or tingling, especially on one side of the body- can be an alarming sign for stroke
- You have difficulty in walking
- Loss of memory
Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, central and peripheral nervous system, and cerebrovascular system. Dependent upon the nature of the injury or disease a neurological surgeon may provide surgical and/or non-surgical care.
Don’t ignore symptoms like:
- Back pain or neck pain
- Significant weakness in an arm or leg or limb
- Curvature of the spine (Spinal deformities)
- Numbness or tingling in your arms or legs
- Difficulty in movement or maintaining balance
- Changes in your hearing, speech, or vision
- Wasting or Atrophy involving the muscles (Size difference between the limbs)
Frequent headaches can reduce your productivity and deplete your quality of life. Our Headache Clinic experts treat and diagnose several types of headaches right from migraines to tension headaches, suggesting long-term solutions to relieve chronic pain. Every person is different; hence each line of treatment is tailor-made for you.
Expertise & Fine Care
In 2013, the. Many people suffer from headaches, and thus the International Headache Society released its latest classification system for headache to make a more specific diagnosis as to the type of headache a patient has, and allow better and more effective options for treatment.
There are three major categories of headache based upon the source of the pain.
- Primary headaches
- Secondary headaches
- Cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches
What causes headaches?
Migraine headache is caused by inflammation or irritation of structures that surround the brain or affect its function. Systemic illnesses, including infection or dehydration, can have associated headache. These are known as toxic headache. Changes in circulation and blood flow or trauma can also cause headache.
What are primary headaches?
Primary headaches include migraine, tension, and cluster headaches, as well as a variety of other less common types of headaches.
Men, Women or children. Who are affected the most?
Fact 1: Tension headaches are the most common type of primary headache. Tension headaches occur more commonly among women than men.
Fact 2: Migraine headaches are the second most common type of primary headache. Migraine headaches affect children as well as adults.
Fact 3: Before puberty, boys and girls are affected equally by migraine headaches, but after puberty, more women than men are affected.
What are secondary headaches?
Secondary headaches are those that are due to an underlying structural or infectious problem in the head or neck. This is a very broad group of medical conditions ranging from dental pain from infected teeth or pain from an infected sinus, to life-threatening conditions like bleeding in the brain or infections like encephalitis or meningitis.
What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
Neuralgia means nerve pain .Cranial neuralgia describes inflammation of one of the 12 cranial nerves coming from the brain that control the muscles and carry sensory signals (such as pain) to and from the head and neck. It affects cranial nerve V the sensory nerve that supplies the face and can cause intense facial pain when irritated or inflamed.
Signs & Symptoms of Migraine headache
- Pain usually on one side of your head, but often on both sides.
- Pain that throbs or pulses.
- Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smell and touch.
- Nausea and vomiting.
Signs and symptoms of tension headaches
- Pain that begins in the back of the head and upper neck and is often described as a band-like tightness or pressure. It may spread to encircle the head.
- The pain may vary in intensity but usually is not disabling, meaning that the sufferer may continue with daily activities. The pain usually is bilateral (affecting both sides of the head).
- The most intense pressure may be felt at the temples or over the eyebrows where the temporalis and frontal muscles are located.
- The pain is not associated with an aura, nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound.
- The pain occurs frequently and even daily in some people.
Signs & symptoms of Cluster headaches
Fact: Cluster headaches are headaches that come in groups (clusters) separated by pain-free periods of months or years. A patient may experience a headache on a daily basis for weeks or months and then be pain-free for years. This type of headache affects men more frequently. They often begin in adolescence but can extend into middle age.
- During the period in which the cluster headaches occur, pain typically occurs once or twice daily, but some patients may experience pain more than twice daily.
- Each episode of pain lasts from 30 to 90 minutes.
- Attacks tend to occur at about the same time every day and often awaken the patient at night from a sound sleep.
- The pain typically is excruciating and located around or behind one eye.
- Some patients describe the pain as feeling like a hot poker in the eye. The affected eye may become red, inflamed, and watery.
- The nose on the affected side may become congested and runny.
Cluster headaches also:
- Tend to run in families and this suggests that there may be a role for genetics
- May be triggered by medications (for example, nitroglycerin, used for heart disease)
- May be triggered by changes in sleep patterns; and
If an individual is in a susceptible period for cluster headache, cigarette smoking, alcohol, and some foods (for example, chocolate, and foods high in nitrites like smoked meats) also are potential causes for headache.
When should you consult a doctor?
- Every person is different so the history of the headache is important. Recognizing the precipitating (foods eaten, stress, etc.) factors, in combination with the physical examination and associated symptoms, can help identify the cause for each individual's specific headache.
- It is important to remember that OTC medications, while safe, are medications and may have side effects and potential interactions with prescription medications.
Seek medical care if the headache is:
- Associated with recent head trauma or a fall
- Associated with changes in vision, speech, or behavior
- Requires more than the recommended dose of over-the-counter medications for pain
- Associated with weakness or change in sensation on one side of the body that may be a sign of stroke
- Not responding to treatment or is getting worse
- Disabling and interfering with work and quality of life
How is Botox used to treat migraine?
Botox is injected around pain fibers that are involved in headaches. Botox enters the nerve endings around where it is injected and blocks the release of chemicals involved in pain transmission. This prevents activation of pain networks in the brain.
Does Botox for migraines also help with wrinkles?
Botox for migraines can have the same aesthetic effect that cosmetic Botox has.
How often can you get Botox for migraines?
You'll get several shots of Botox around your head and neck once every 12 weeks to dull or prevent migraine headaches. You may need 30 to 40 shots in all, and you'll get an equal number on each side of your head. If you have migraine pain in one particular spot, you may need more shots there.